The presidency of Iran is a position that demands exceptional skill, diplomacy, and resilience. In a region fraught with geopolitical tensions and domestic pressures, the Iran President must navigate a labyrinth of challenges to lead the nation toward stability and prosperity. This feature article explores the multifaceted role of Iran’s current president, his policies, and the broader implications for both the country and the international community.

The President’s Role in Iran:

Before diving into the specifics of the current administration, it’s essential to understand the framework within which the Iranian president operates. Unlike many other nations, the President of Iran is not the ultimate authority. The Supreme Leader holds the highest power, overseeing the military, judiciary, and media, while also having significant influence over major domestic and foreign policies.

Despite these limitations, the president plays a crucial role in shaping the country’s economic policies, executing the day-to-day affairs of the government, and representing Iran on the global stage. The president is also pivotal in negotiating and implementing international agreements and addressing the concerns of the Iranian populace.

No More:

Iran’s President Ebrahim Raisi and Foreign Minister Hossein Amirabdollahian died in a helicopter crash on May 19, 2024. The crash occurred near Caravan, in East Azerbaijan province, and resulted in the deaths of all nine people on board the helicopter. The incident marks a significant and tragic moment for Iran, given Raisi’s prominent political role and his potential candidacy for the position of Supreme Leader in the future​​.

The crash has led to a swift reaction from international and local communities, with investigations already underway to determine the cause of the accident​. This event has undoubtedly created a political vacuum in Iran, which will have wide-ranging implications for the country’s future governance and political landscape.

The Current Administration:

Ebrahim Raisi took office as the President of Iran in August 2021, succeeding Hassan Rouhani. A conservative cleric with a long history in the judiciary, Raisi’s election marked a shift from the relatively moderate stance of his predecessor. His presidency has been characterized by a commitment to conservative values and an emphasis on reviving the country’s struggling economy.

Economic Policies:

Under Raisi’s leadership, one of the primary focuses has been to address the economic challenges facing Iran. The country has been grappling with high inflation, unemployment, and a depreciating currency, issues exacerbated by years of international sanctions. Raisi’s administration has aimed to bolster domestic production, reduce reliance on imports, and strengthen economic ties with neighboring countries and other non-Western nations.

Efforts to combat corruption have also been a hallmark of Raisi’s economic strategy. His administration has initiated several high-profile anti-corruption campaigns, targeting both public officials and private sector entities accused of corrupt practices. While these measures have been praised by some as necessary steps toward greater transparency, critics argue that they may be politically motivated and could lead to further consolidation of power among conservative factions.

Foreign Policy and International Relations:

Navigating Iran’s foreign policy is no small feat, given the nation’s complex relationships with various global powers. The Raisi administration has sought to balance maintaining its sovereignty with engaging constructively on the international stage.

One of the most pressing issues facing the current administration is the future of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, commonly known as the Iran nuclear deal. Efforts to revive the agreement, which aimed to limit Iran’s nuclear capabilities in exchange for the lifting of economic sanctions, have been ongoing but fraught with complications. The outcome of these negotiations will significantly impact Iran’s economic trajectory and its relationship with Western countries.

In the meantime, Raisi has sought to strengthen ties with Eastern powers, particularly China and Russia. These relationships offer potential economic lifelines and strategic alliances, providing Iran with alternatives to Western markets and technologies.

Domestic Policy and Social Issues:

On the home front, Raisi’s administration has faced criticism for its handling of social issues and human rights. Critics argue that the government’s conservative stance has led to increased restrictions on freedom of expression, assembly, and other civil liberties. The administration’s approach to gender equality and minority rights has also come under scrutiny, with many calling for more progressive reforms.

However, Raisi’s supporters contend that maintaining social stability and upholding traditional values is essential for the country’s cohesion. They argue that his policies reflect the will of a significant portion of the Iranian population, particularly those in rural and conservative areas.

Broader Implications:

The presidency of Ebrahim Raisi represents a critical juncture for Iran, both domestically and internationally. His administration’s policies and actions will shape the country’s future in profound ways, influencing everything from economic stability to geopolitical alignments.

World leaders and organizations have expressed their condolences following the tragic death of Iranian President Ebrahim Raisi in a helicopter crash. Here is a summary of the global reactions:


President Xi Jinping: Described Raisi’s death as a “great loss to the Iranian people” and noted that “the Chinese people have lost a good friend”​.

European Union:

Charles Michel, President of the European Council: Extended “sincere condolences” on behalf of the EU for the deaths of Raisi, Foreign Minister Hossein Amirabdollahian, and other officials.

Josep Borrell, EU Foreign Policy Chief: Offered condolences and expressed sympathies to the families of all victims and the Iranian citizens affected​.


Prime Minister Narendra Modi: Expressed he was “deeply saddened and shocked” and praised Raisi’s role in strengthening India-Iran relations​​.


Prime Minister Shia al-Sudani: Expressed solidarity with the Iranian people during this tragic time​.


Conveyed “deepest condolences and solidarity” to Iran’s leadership and praised Raisi and Amir Abdollahian for their support for Palestine​.


Prime Minister Anwar Ibrahim: Mentioned his meeting with Raisi last November and praised Raisi’s dedication to justice and peace​.


Prime Minister Shehbaz Sharif: Declared a day of mourning and expressed confidence that Iran would overcome this tragedy with courage​​.


Emir Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani: Expressed condolences to the Iranian people​​.


Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov: Expressed condolences, highlighting the roles of Raisi and Amir Abdollahian in strengthening Russia-Iran relations.


Foreign Minister Hakan Fidan: Conveyed condolences and noted Turkey’s efforts to assist following the crash.

Yemen’s Houthis:

Mohammed Ali Houthi: Expressed “deepest condolences” to the Iranian people and the families of the officials who died.

These reactions underscore the global impact of President Raisi’s death and the wide-ranging expressions of sympathy and solidarity from leaders around the world.


Is the President of Iran the ultimate authority in the country?

No, while the president holds significant power and responsibilities, the Supreme Leader is considered to be the highest authority in Iran.

What are some key areas of focus for Ebrahim Raisi’s administration?

The Raisi administration has placed a strong emphasis on addressing economic challenges, strengthening international relationships with non-Western powers, and implementing anti-corruption measures.

How has Raisi’s presidency affected social issues and human rights in Iran?

Critics argue that there have been increased restrictions on civil liberties under Raisi’s administration, particularly regarding freedom of expression and gender equality.

How has foreign relations with Western countries been impacted by Raisi’s presidency?

The relationship between Iran and Western countries, particularly the United States, remains tense due to various factors such as the Iran nuclear deal and differing ideologies.

What can we expect from Iran in the future under Raisi’s presidency?

It is difficult to predict with certainty, as many factors will influence Iran’s future trajectory under Raisi’s leadership.